CA Gender and Development

Commission on Appointments GAD (CA-GAD) Focal Point…the Creation!

June 3, 2010 saw the initial coming together of the Commission on Appointments’ (CA) GAD Focal Point to organize itself. Referring to the Department of Budget and Management(DBM), National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and the National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW) Joint Circular No. 2004-1, directing all government agencies to prepare an Annual Gender and Development (GAD) Plan and Budget and Accomplishment Report to implement the section on Programs/Projects related to GAD in the General Appropriations Act (GAA), the Commission on Appointments, upon the directives of the CA Secretary Arturo L. Tiu, who designated Deputy Secretary for Legal Affairs Agustinus V. Gonzaga as GAD Focal point Chairperson, convened a meeting to put in order the CA GAD Focal Point. This also marked the designation of the GAD Focal Point members; the definition of its functions as a technical committee for GAD; and the assignment of the GAD Focal Point Secretariat as support staff.

Since its conception in 2010, the GAD Focal Point already saw two transformations in its leadership when in 2012, the GAD Focal Point Chairperson Gonzaga, then, handed down the reins of Chairmanship to his successor, the present GAD Focal Point Chairperson, Atty. Milaluna D. Ignacio, the Director of the Legal Service.

Now running on its fourth year as an enabling arm for gender mainstreaming within the organization, the CA GAD Focal point continues to serve and deliver its functions for the men and women behind the Commission.


  1. Agency – refers to any of the various units of the government at the national and sub-national levels, including a department, attached agency, bureau, office, state university and college, government-owned and/or controlled corporations, constitutional commissions, the judiciary, the legislative and all government instrumentalities and others concerned.
  2. Agency Head – refers to the top or highest official of an agency.
  3. Baseline – baseline data provides a specific value for an indicator at the outset of a project or program. Baseline data is collected at one point in time, and is used as a point of reference against which progress on the achievement of outcomes will be measured or assessed.
  4. Discrimination Against Women – refers to any gender-based distinction, exclusion, or restriction which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of their status, on a basis of equality of women and men, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field.
  5. GAD Activity – is an intervention to achieve the desired GAD outcome of the agency or sector; an action taken through which inputs are mobilized to produce specific outputs.
  6. GAD Agenda – refers to the agency’s strategic framework and plan for gender mainstreaming and achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment outcomes.
  7. Gender Analysis – refers to a framework to compare the relative advantages and disadvantages faced by women and men in various spheres of life, including the family, workplace, school, community and political system. It also takes into account how class, age, race, ethnicity, cultural, social and other factors interact with gender to produce discriminatory results. A gender analysis should be integrated into all sector assessments or situational analyses to ensure that gender-based injustices and inequalities are not exacerbated by interventions and that where possible, greater equality and justice in gender relations are promoted.
  8. Gender Audit – refers to a form of “social audit” or “quality audit” which determines whether the organization’s internal practices and related support systems for gender mainstreaming are effective, reinforcing each other and are being followed. This tool or process assists organizations in establishing a baseline, identifying critical gaps and challenges, and recommending ways of addressing them.
  9. Gender and Development (GAD) – refers to the development perspective and process that is participatory and empowering, equitable, sustainable, free from violence, respectful of human rights, and supportive of self-determination and actualization of human potentials. It seeks to achieve gender equality as a fundamental value that should be reflected in development choices and contends that women are active agents of development, not just passive recipients of development.
  10. Gender Equality – refers to the principle asserting the equality of women and men and their right to enjoy equal conditions, realizing their full potentials to contribute to and benefit from the results of development, and with the State recognizing that all human beings are free and equal in dignity and rights.
  11. GAD Focal Point System (GFPS) – is an interacting and interdependent group of people in all government instrumentalities tasked to catalyze and accelerate gender mainstreaming. It is a mechanism established to ensure and advocate for, guide, coordinate, and monitor the development, implementation, monitoring, review and updating of their GAD plans and GAD-related programs, activities and projects.
  12. Gender Gap – refers to the gap between women and men in terms of how they benefit from social, economic, political, and cultural programs and services.
  13. GAD Goals – are broad statements of the desired gender equality results based on the clustered gender issues; are higher-order objectives to which a GAD intervention is intended to contribute.
  14. GAD Indicator – is a quantitative or qualitative factor or variable that provides means to measure achievement, to reflect the changes connected to GAD intervention.
  15. Gender Issues – refer to problems and concerns that arise from the unequal status of women and men including the differential characteristics, roles and expectations attributed by society to women and men. These societal expectations and perceptions, which are reflected in and perpetuated by laws, policies, procedures, systems, programs, projects and activities of government, could impede women’s full development and their participation in and equal enjoyment of the fruits of development.
  16. Gender Mainstreaming – refers to the strategy for making women’s and men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of policies and programs in all social, political, civil, and economic spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated. It is the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies, or programs in all areas and at all levels.At the agency level, gender mainstreaming means raising people’s awareness on GAD and building GAD-related capabilities; putting in place policies, structures, systems, and mechanisms that would facilitate and institutionalize the pursuit of gender equality and women’s empowerment; applying GAD-related skills and tools to develop programs, activities and projects addressing gender issues; continuously implementing, monitoring, evaluating and enhancing the agency’s gender mainstreaming and women’s empowerment efforts; and incorporating GAD in all aspects of the agency’s operations.
  17. GAD Outcome – refers to a change that is expected to be achieved by the end of a project/program. These are manifested in changes in behavior, practice or performance within the agency and/or beneficiaries; the likely or achieved short-term and medium-term effects of a GAD intervention’s outputs
  18. GAD Plan and Budget – a systematically designed set of programs, projects and activities with corresponding budget carried out by all government agencies departments, including their attached agencies, offices, bureaus, state universities and colleges, government- owned and-controlled corporations, local government units and other government instrumentalities over a given period of time to address the gender issues and concerns in their respective sectors and constituents. It systematizes an agency’s approach to gender mainstreaming, women’s empowerment and gender equality.
  19. Gender-Responsiveness – capacity of individuals, groups, or institutions to substantively address gender-related issues; presumes capacity to do gender analysis, willingness to allocate resources for these issues; and capacity to collect and use sex-disaggregated data and gender-related information for gender analysis and tracking of results.
  20. Gender-Responsive PAPs – refer to interventions that substantively address gender issues identified through gender analysis of sex-disaggregated data and gender-related information.
  21. GAD Target – refers to a specific value or range of values set for a GAD indicator that will help determine the level of achievement of the GAD outcome.
  22. Women’s Empowerment – is a goal of and an essential process for women’s advancement. It is the process and condition by which women mobilize to understand, identify and overcome gender discrimination so as to achieve equality in welfare and equal access to resources. In this context, women become agents of development and not just beneficiaries enabling them to make decisions based on their own views and perspectives.